Sacramento, CA Economic Overview
As the state capital of California, Sacramento is home to over 500,000 people, with nearly 2.5 million residing in the wider Sacramento metropolitan area. Sacramento is one of the fastest growing metro areas in the state. Public and private investors continue to seek out opportunities on the Sacramento commercial real estate market, attracted by the city's geography, skilled workforce, low cost of living, and quality of life that many say is second-to-none.
A diverse mix of businesses, combined with the Sacramento region's 2.5 million residents, its numerous world-class universities, and proximity to the law makers of California, all contribute to the continued growth of Sacramento’s economy. Over the next few years, the population is expected to increase by nearly 18%, and employment by nearly 20%.
With a median household income of over $52,000 per year and an average salary of just over $53,000, Sacramento offers a distinct value proposition to a diverse variety of business and industry. Economic growth in Sacramento has increased by nearly 3% the past year and is expected to remain strong, with a rising number of both traditional and high-tech businesses attracted by the area's supportive policies, low utility rates, low labor and development costs, and the availability of shovel-ready building sites.
Sacramento, CA Commercial Real Estate Market
While government and real estate-related industries have been the traditional drivers of the Greater Sacramento commercial real estate market, other key sectors of the market are growing and expanding. The demand for both industrial and office space in Sacramento is propelled upwards by industries like clean technology and energy, life science and health care, agricultural research and development, along with advanced manufacturing, business and financial services, government, retail, and tourism.
Encompassing over 140 million square feet of industrial space and close to 19 million square feet of flex space, the industrial real estate market in Sacramento is one of the largest in the state. Conditions are tight across the board with many tenants finding it increasingly difficult to find space to lease. Due to the demand for industrial space in Sacramento, net absorption has increased by nearly 2 million square feet, with vacancy moving downward and asking rents going higher. The largest concentration of industrial inventory is currently in the West Sacramento and Power Inn submarkets.
The inland Port of West Sacramento is another driver of the demand for industrial, warehouse and flex space in the metro Sacramento market. The Port is centered in one of the richest agricultural regions in the world, is located in the center of the Sacramento MSA, and contains over 300 acres of vacant, developable land.
With roughly 44 million square feet of office space, which is mostly spread through the Sacramento suburban submarkets, it is professional business tenants and healthcare-related services that are driving demand. Because of the continued job growth in the metro region, net absorption of office space is expected to continue increasing, with vacancies moving downward and asking rents going up. Over 6 million square feet of office inventory is located in Downtown Sacramento, while most of the market’s office inventory is located in suburban regions, like the Highway 50 Corridor ( Rosemont, Rancho Cordova, Folsom), and Roseville. The Sacramento market encompasses nearly 61 million square feet of retail inventory, with community neighborhood shopping centers accounting for over half of the total square footage of the retail market. Notable Sacramento retail properties include the airport-adjacent Mather Commerce Center and the Riverside Commerce Center.
Sacramento, CA Office Rental Rates ($/SF/year)
Data provided by Yardi Matrix, for properties larger than 50K SF.
Sacramento, CA Office Sales
Data provided by Yardi Matrix, for properties larger than 50K SF, which sold at over $5M.
Employment in Sacramento, CA
Job growth in Sacramento has increased by nearly 3% over the past year, and over the next several years, employment in Sacramento is expected to increase by nearly 20%. Over 45% of the labor force works in management, business and financial operations, education and training, administration, and sales.
Major employers in the City of Sacramento include:
- State of California with nearly 70,000 employees;
- Sacramento County with over 11,000 workers;
- UC Davis Health System with over 7,700 employees;
- Dignity Health/Catholic Healthcare West with over 7,000 workers;
- Intel with over 6,600 employees;
- Kaiser Permanente with over 6,300 employees;
- Sutter Health with over 5,700 workers;
- Elk Grove and Sacramento City Unified School Districts, each with over 5,000 employees.
Other major companies that located in the metropolitan Sacramento area include The McClatchy Company, Sutter Health, Blue Diamond Growers, Aerojet, and Teichert.
Education in Sacramento, CA
The Sacramento City Unified School District, along with the Elk Grove Unified School District, operate the 149 public primary, middle and high schools in Sacramento. There are also nearly 170 private schools in Sacramento, along with numerous independent and religious schools.
Residents of Sacramento have a myriad of higher educational choices. Along with the two major universities of Sacramento State and the University of California - UC Davis Campus, there are countless private colleges & universities, community colleges, and vocational schools, both for profit and not-for-profit.
Commuting Time in Sacramento, CA
The commute time in Sacramento is just under 25 minutes per day, with nearly 4% of the workforce having a super commute of 90 minutes or more. Carpooling in Sacramento is a popular option with nearly 9% of the week day commuters opting for this choice, while 5% of the labor pool has the option of working at home.
Sacramento is located close to all modes of transportation, and with the city's ongoing investment in transportation and utility infrastructures businesses are able to easily send and receive goods and access the global transport network:
- Interstate 5 and Interstate 8 connect in Sacramento providing easy access to and from the metropolitan area.;
- The Port of West Sacramento is located just 79 nautical miles from San Francisco with direct access to Suisan Bay via the 40-mile deep water ship channel.;
- The Sacramento Regional Transit District operates over 270 buses and 76 light-rail vehicles and ranks as the 11th-busiest mass transit system in the country.;
- Commuter rail service is provided by Amtrak, while Union Pacific provides freight rail service to the Sacramento metropolitan area.;
- Sacramento International Airport is located 10 miles southwest of the Central Business District and is served by all of the major U.S. airlines including Southwest, United, and Delta.
- Total Population489,650
- Male Population(48.8 %) 238,935
- Female Population(51.2 %) 250,715
- Median Age34.30
- Average Household Income$74,469
- Median Household Income$54,615
- Median Income Under 25$24,138
- Median Income 25-44$57,418
- Median Income 45-64$62,390
- Median Income Over 65$44,902
- Bell Arden Demographics
- Belmont Demographics
- Bowling Green Demographics
- Bradshaw Woods Demographics
- Bradview Business Park Demographics
- Campus Demographics
- College - Glen Demographics
- College Town Demographics
- Downtown Sacramento Demographics
- East Sacramento Demographics
- Erikson Industrial Park Demographics
- Folsom Estates Demographics
- Gateway Center Demographics
- Lincoln Village Demographics
- Metro Center Demographics
- Midtown - Winn Park - Capital Demographics
- Natomas Corporate Center Demographics
- Pocket Demographics
- Point West Demographics
- Richmond Grove Demographics
- Rosemont Demographics
- RP - Sports Complex Demographics
- Sierra Oaks Demographics
- South Natomas Demographics
- Southern Pacific - Richards Demographics
- Southside Park Demographics
- Valley Hi - North Laguna Demographics
- Willowcreek Demographics
Residential Rents in Sacramento, CA
With nearly 55% of the residents of Sacramento renting where they live, the multi-family housing market in Sacramento is one of keen interest to developers and investors, with average rents increasing nearly 7% during the past year. While rents for one-bedroom units remain relatively affordable at just under $1,000 per month, both three- and four-bedroom rentals top the charts at over $1,700 a month.
The most expensive neighborhoods in Sacramento to rent include Midtown, Newton Booth, and Creekside, while the most affordable areas in Sacramento to rent are the Village 11, Robla, and Old North Sacramento neighborhoods.
Sacramento, CA Average Rental Price, April 2019
- $ 1,283/mo
- Studio: $ 992
- 1 Bedroom: $ 1,139
- 2 Bedrooms: $ 1,353
Sacramento, CA Rent Trends
2018 California Office Sales Report—LA, SF on Cooldown, Stability in the Bay Area and Orange County Markets
March 18, 2019
More than 55MSF changed hands across California office markets in 2018, totaling over $20B in sales. Cooler trends prevailed, as sales slowed and markets saw more stability throughout the year. Development was driven by the tech sector and construction is decidedly getting greener.
The 10 Tallest Office Buildings in Sacramento
November 09, 2018
The city’s status as a strong West Coast financial center and popular tourist destination drives investor interest for Sacramento office space, and its downtown is getting ever more crowded with office towers. Check out the 10 tallest office buildings currently found on the Sacramento skyl...
Winners and Losers in the Labor Market – US States and Metros with the Highest Income Inequality
August 21, 2018
Ever since Gordon Gekko uttered his now infamous credo, “greed is good,” many economists have been concerned with the long-term effects of the growing income inequality in the U.S. While free-market enthusiasts see things differently, inequality has become a recurring topic within our new...
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